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ATIVISA/ Aconitum heterophyllum

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ATIVISA/ Aconitum heterophyllum

Botanical Name – Aconitum heterophyllum Wall. Cat.
Family – RANUNCULACEAE
Vernacular Names
Bengali : Ataich
Hindi : Atis, Atvika
English : Indian Atees
Gujarati : Ativakhani Kali
Telugu : Ati Vasa
Marathi : Ati Vish
Tamil : Ati Vidayam
Persian : Vajjeturki
Kannada : Ati Visha
Malayalam : Ati Vidayam
Punjabi : Atis
Synonyms – Aruna, Ardra, Upavisa, Kasaya Krsna, Ghuna Vallabha, Candri, Pita Vallabha, Prati Visa,
Bhangura, Madhya-desastha, Mahausadha, Madri, Mrdvi, Rakta, Visva, Visama, Visa, Sisu bhaisajya,
Suka Kanda, Surla Kanda, Srngika, Syama Kanda, Sveta, Sveta Kanda, Sveta Vaca 1. Rakta is the synonym
commonly used for Manjistha, Ativisa & Laksa (So.Ni.).


Botanical Description –


i) A. heterophyllum – Roots biennial, paired, tuberous; within or grey. Stem erect, simple or
branched, from 15 – 19 cm high. Glabrous below, finely crispy-pubescent in the upper part. Leaves
heteromorphous, glabrous; Lowest on long petioles (13cm); blade orbicular- cordite or ovate-cordite in
outline with a usually narrow sinus (1 – 1.5 cm deep); usually 5- lobed to the middle, amplexicaul.
Infloresence slender raceme or a lax, leafy panicle, crispo-pubescent; Sepals bluish or violet (rarely
whitish); upper sepal almost navicular obliquely erect, shortly or obscurely beaked, 18-20 mm high, 8-9
mm wide. Carpels 5, elliptic-oblong. Follicles contagious, linear-oblong, straight, 16-18 mm long. Seeds
obpyramidal, 3-4 mm long, blackish brown. Distribution- commonly found in sub-alpine and alpine
zones of Himalayas from Indus to Kumaon at 2000-5000 m (6000-15000 ft.).

ii) A. Palmatum- Roots, biennial, paired, tuberous; conical or Cylindric 4-10 cm long, 0.75-3 cm
thick. Stem erect. Leaves scattered, upto 10, the lowest usually withered at the time of flowering,
glabrous, or the upper most finely pubescent on the nerves below; petiole slender 4-10 cm long; blade
orbicular-cordate to reniform, 3-loded. Inflorescene a very loose. Leafy panicle or raceme, 10-20 cm
long. Sepals bluish or variegated white and blue, uppermost helmet-shaped. Carpels 5, subcontagious in
the flower. Follicles subcontagious or some what diverging in the upper part, oblong, obliquely truncate,
2.5-3 cm long and 5-6 mm broad. Seeds blackish, obovoid, about 3 mm long, round in cross section.


Properties


Rasa : Katu, Tikta
Virya : Usna
Vipaka : Katu
Guna : Laghu, Ruksa
Karma : Dipana, Pacana, Grahi, Tridosahara, Sotha hara, Visaghna, Krmihara, Arsoghna, Jvara
hara, Kasa hara
Prabhava : Visa hara


Chemical Constituents

– A. heterophyllum, A. Palmatum


Indications


Atisara, Jvara, Kasa, Bala roga, Visa roga. Ama dosa, Chardi, Krmi roga, Agnimandya, Rakta pitta,
Yakrd roga, Trsna, Pinasa, Arsa, Pittodara etc.
Therapeutic Uses –
Bala Roga – Ativisa alone or along with Karkatasrngi (Pistacia integerrima) and Pippali (Piper
longum) in case of cough and fever (A.H.Ut.2/57 & V.M.66/10) 1.
1) Atisara – Ativisa + Bhanga (Sodhita) + Vaca as powder (Nadkarni).
2) Jvaratisara – Sunthi, Kutaja, Musta, Guduci & Ativisa are given orally in the form of decoction
(Sa. Sam.) 2 .
3) Grahani – The decoction made of Ativisa, Sunthi & Musta is administered orally to destroy the
Ama (C.S.Ci.15/98) 3 .
4) Mutra krcchra – Ativisa, Amla dravyas, Sunthi, Goksura, Kantakari are made as Peya (gruel) and
given along with Phanita (jaggery syrup)- (C.S. Su. 2/22) 4 .
5) Visa roga – A ghee prepared with Ativisa & cow’s milk is used orally or as nasal drops in case of
acute poisoning. The ghee may also be processed with Sveta & Madayantika (S.S.Ka.1/64) 5 .

Part Used

– The tuberous root is medicinally used both alone and in combination.


Dosage

Root powder 1-3g per day (divided doses)
Solid Extract as tonic 65-195mg in terms of 2% alkaloid
SE as anthelmintic 49-65mg in terms of 2% alkaloid
SE as antiperiodic 260-390mg in terms of 2% alkaloid

Read – tuvaraka

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