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GOKSURA / Tribulus terrestris



GOKSURA / Tribulus terrestris

Botanical Name – Tribulus terrestris


Vernacular Names

Hindi : Gokharu
English : Cow hage
Telugu : Palleru
Tamil : Neringil

Synonyms – Iksugandhika, Svadanstra, Trikantaka, Svadukantka, Palankasa

Botanical Description

(i) T. Terrestris – A small, prostrate, hirsute or silky hairy herb. Leaves – Stipulate, opposite,
usually unequal, abruptly pinnate; leaflets 4-7 pairs, oblong, mucronate. Flowers- Solitary, axillary or
leaf-opposed, yellow or white. Fruits- Globose, hairy, 5-angled, spinous with 2 long & 2 short spines on
each cocci. Seeds – obliquely pendulous. (Flowers & fruits during April – August).
(ii) P. Murex – A glabrous annual herb. Leaves- opposite or alternate, petioled irregularly
toothed or almost lobed. Flowers – Solitary, axillary, with 2 glands at the base. Calyx small 5-partite.
Corolla yellow. Stamens 4, didynamous, included, Ovary 2-called. Fruits – hard indehiscent. Pyramidal-
ovoid capsules with 4 patent spines from base.

Tribulus terrestris
Tribulus terrestris fruit


Rasa : Madhura
Virya : Sita
Vipaka : Madhura
Guna : Guru, Snigdha
Karma : Vata-pitta hara, Vrsya, Mutrala, Rasayana

Chemical Constituents

Fruits – Chlorogenin, diosgenin, gitogenin, rutin, rhamnose.
Roots – Campesterol, Sitosterol & stigmasterol, neotigogenin.

Aerial parts – Astragalin, dioscin, diosgenin, hecogenin, ruscogenin, trillin, furostanol glycoside,
spirosterol saponin; terrestrosides A-F saponins C & G etc.


Mutrakrcchra, Asmari, Prameha, Hrdroga, Arsas, Svasa-kasa, Klaibya.

Therapeutic Uses

Vajikarana – Powder of Goksura fruit is boiled with milk & consumed (G.N.)
Amavata – Decoction of Sunthi & Goksura (root?) will be of difinite use (C.D.)
Kesa Vardhana – Goksura & the flowers of Tila are applied externally by making them into paste
using honey (Sa.Sam).


Decoction 50-100ml, powder 3-6g.

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