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Herbs

NAGAKESARA / Mesua ferrea

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Botanical Name – Mesua ferrea Linn.
Family – GUTTIFERAE
Vernacular Names
Assam : Nabor
Bengali : Nagesar
Bihari : Nagkeshur
Hindi : Naghas, Nogkesar
English : Iron-wood of Assam, Ceylon Iron wood.
Tamil : Irul, Karunangu
Telugu : Naga kesaralu
Marathi : Nagachampa
Oriya : Nageshvar
Kannada : Kanchana. Nagasampige
Malayalam : Nagachempakam, veluttachempakam
Punjabi : Naga kesar
Synonyms – Ahi Puspa, Ibha, Kanakahva, Kancanahvaya, Kinjilkam, Kesaram, Campeyam, Natam,
Nagam, Naga Kinjilkam, Naga Puspam, Naga Renuka, Pancabhuvayam, Pinjaram, Phani pannagam,
Rukmam, Suvarnam, Hema pusam.
Botanical Description –
(i) Mesua ferrea Linn-
It is a medium sized tree; bark ash-coloured. Leaves- 7.5-12.5 by 2.5-3.8 cm. Oblong-lanceolate,
acute acuminate, glabrous above and glaucous beneath, petioles 6-8 mm. Long. Flowers- white
coloured, 2.5-2.7 cm. deameter, axillary or terminal. Stamens are numbers, golden-yellow coloured.
Fruit- 2.5-3 cm. Long. Ovoiad. Seed- 1-4, anguslar, smooth, chestnut brown in colour.
(ii) Ochrocarpus longifolius Benth & Hook f-
A large tree. Leaves- thickly coriaceous, 15-20 cm. By 5-6.3 cm., oblong, obtuse, glabrous,
petioles 6 mm. Long. Flowers- numerous, in short fascicles on tubercles from the axils of fallen leaves,

orange red coloured; stamens many, sterile in female flowers (This may be the reason for calling it as
Punnaga). Fruit 2.5 cm. Long. Obliqualy ovoid, single seed.
Properties
Rasa : Kasaya, Tikta
Virya : Usna / Anusna
Vipaka : Katu
Guna : Ruksa, Tiksna, Laghu
Karma : Kapha- Pittahara, Pramathi, Grahi, Pacan, Visahara, Sotha hara, Kandughna,
Kusthaghana.
Chemical Constituents – (1) Mesua ferrea, (2) Ochrocarpus longifolius.
Indications – Raktarsas, Raktatisara, Rakta Pradara, Kustha, Visarpa, Jvara, Chardi, Vasti Vikara, Vata
rakta, Sopha, Vata roga, Siro roga, Trsna, Visa roga, Kandu etc.

Therapeutic Uses
Rakta Arsas – Naga kesara curna (1-3gm) shall be administered orally along with butter and
sugar (C.S.Ci.14/210) 1 .
Hikka – Nagakesara curna (1-3gm) is given orally with honey and sugar along with
(S.S.Ut.50/24) 2 .
Rakta Pradara – Nagakesara curna is to orally administered while consuyming plenty or butter-
milk daily (S.N.) 3 .
1) Sveta Pradara – Naga kesara is soaked in the buttermilk & administered orally for 3 days (V.S. &
Y.R.) 4 .
2) Rakta Atisara – Naga kesara curna with sugar (V.S.) 5 .
3) Pumsavana – The lady who wants to have a female child should consume Nagakesara along with
ghee (5gm dose daily) during the period of ovulation (Rtu kala)- (R. M.) 6 .
4) Garbhasthapana – Powders of Naga kesara & Puga (beetle nut) are mixed together & given
orally (Va. Se) 7 .

Part Used – Stamens, Leaf.

Dosage – Powder of stamens 1-3 g. Orally.

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