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Herbs

SALA / Shorea robusta Gaertn

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Botanical Name – Shorea robusta Gaertn.
Family – DIPTEROCARPACEAE
Vernacular Names –
Bengali : Sakher, Sakhua, Sal
Hindi : Sakher, Sakhu, Sal, Shal
English : Common Sal, Indian Dammer
Gujarati : Ral
Marathi : Guggilu, Rala, Sajara
Synonyms – Agini Vallabha, Asva karna, kanakalodbhava, Kalyana, Kanta, Kanta bhuruha, Ksana Kasmari,
Devestah, Marica patraka, Yaksa dhupa, Rala, Babu rupa, Lalana, Sarja, Sarja Rasa, Sakradru, Rala
Niryasa, Vrscikara, Seetala rasa, sarja niryasa, Surabha daru, Sasya Sambara, Sala niryasa, Sala rasa, Sarja
niryasa, Surabhi, ra drupa, kala, kalaloja 1 .
Botanical Description – A deciduous tree with dark brown bark. Leaves- 10-30 x 5-18 cm., ovate-oblong,
acuminate, coriaceous, cordite base, petiole 1.2-2cm long; Flowers- 1.2 cm long, yellowish, in terminal &
axillary racemose panicles 7.5-23 cm, long; calyse- tubular, grey, tomentose outside, Petals narrow-
oblong tolanceolate, silky- tomentose outside. Stamens upto 50, shorter than the petals, ovary 3-called.
Fruit- 1.2 cm long, ovoid acute andindehisent. Seed ovoid, flesty with unequal cotyledons.
Properties –
Rasa : Kasaya, Madhura
Virya : Sita
Vipaka : Katu
Guna : Ruksa, Usna
Karma : Vata-pitta hara Kapha hara, Stambhana, Vrana ropana, Visaghna, Bhagna
sandhanakara, Varnya, Grahi, Krmighna, Kanduhna.
Chemical Constituents – Oleanolic Benzofuranshoreaphenal
Indications – Kanda Bhagna (fractures). Visa roga (poisoning), Kustha (Skin diseases), Prameha
(diabetes), Vrana (ulcers), Yoniroga (gynaecological conditions), Karna toga (ear diseases), Atisara
(diarrhoea). Dagha Varna (burns), Rakta pitta (haemorrages), Kandu (prurities) etc.

Read – VATSANABHA / Aconitum ferox wall

Therapeutic Uses –
Galaganda – Salaniryasa along with Gomutra to be administered orally (S.S.Ci.18/53) 1 .
Pandu – Salasaradi gana curna (powder) & Amalaki powder with honey is taken internally
(S.S.Ut. 44/24) 2 .
Prameha – Sala, Saptaparna, Kampillaka, Vrksaka, Vibhitaki, Kapitthia, Rohitaka & Arjuna are to
be powdered & administered orally with honey & Amalaki Svarasa as Anupana (Vehicle) IA.H.Ci.
12/15-16) 1 .
1) Hikka & Svasa – The fumes of resin from S. robusta (Sarja rasa) may be useful (S.S.Ut.50/18) 2 .
Part Used – The bark, sap wood, heartwood, resin, oil, seeds & seed oil are all used medicianally.
The resin is used in the indigenous system of medicine as an astringent & is given in
diarrhoea & dysentery. It is also used as an ingredient of ointments for skin diseases & in ear
troubles.
Chua oil is also used as antiseptic for skin diseases & for ear problems.
Sal flowers are produced in abundance & yield plenty of honey. Sal wood has high
timber value. Sal Leaves are used for ‘beedi’ making in Assam, West Bengal & Orissa.
Dosage – Decoction of bark- 50 to 100 ml
Powder of resin- 1-3g.

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